Linux虚拟化管理

1、内核模块初始化

module_init(vmx_init)->kvm_init
module_init(svm_init)->kvm_init

//其中,kvm_init
->kvm_arch_init
->kvm_irqfd_init
->kvm_arch_hardware_setup
->misc_register(&kvm_dev)

2、从数据结构角度,又可以看到了设备皆为文件的思想

static struct miscdevice kvm_dev = {
    KVM_MINOR,
    "kvm",
    &kvm_chardev_ops,
};

static struct file_operations kvm_chardev_ops = {
    .unlocked_ioctl = kvm_dev_ioctl,
    .llseek     = noop_llseek,
    KVM_COMPAT(kvm_dev_ioctl),
};

//初始化时,通过misc_register,实现了操作的绑定。

3、通过上面的数据结构,我们就可以找到创建虚拟机的方法,并生成控制文件
kvm_dev.kvm_chardev_ops.kvm_dev_ioctl
或者,ioctl系统调用KVM_CREATE_VM,效果也是一样的:

SYSCALL_DEFINE3(ioctl, unsigned int, fd, unsigned int, cmd, unsigned long, arg)
->vfs_ioctl,会用到vfs_ioctl.unlocked_ioctl也就是kvm_dev_ioctl

->case KVM_CREATE_VM:
->        r = kvm_dev_ioctl_create_vm(arg);
->file = anon_inode_getfile("kvm-vm", &kvm_vm_fops, kvm, O_RDWR);

//其中,kvm_dev_ioctl_create_vm
->kvm_create_vm
->->kvm_arch_init_vm
->->hardware_enable_all
->->kvm_arch_post_init_vm
->->list_add(&kvm->vm_list, &vm_list);

4、生成虚拟CPU套路很相似,仍是文件操作

static struct file_operations kvm_vm_fops = {
    .release        = kvm_vm_release,
    .unlocked_ioctl = kvm_vm_ioctl,
    .llseek     = noop_llseek,
    KVM_COMPAT(kvm_vm_compat_ioctl),
};

//创建虚拟机时,通过anon_inode_getfile,实际上就把文件和kvm_vm_fops绑定了起来。
anon_inode_getfile("kvm-vm", &kvm_vm_fops, kvm, O_RDWR)

5、在调用ioctl时

SYSCALL_DEFINE3(ioctl, unsigned int, fd, unsigned int, cmd, unsigned long, arg)
->vfs_ioctl,会用到vfs_ioctl.unlocked_ioctl也就是kvm_vm_ioctl

kvm_vm_ioctl->kvm_vm_ioctl_create_vcpu
->kvm_arch_vcpu_precreate
->kvm_vcpu_init
->kvm_arch_vcpu_create
->kvm_get_kvm
->create_vcpu_fd,生成设备文件inode
->kvm_arch_vcpu_postcreate

//其中,kvm_arch_vcpu_create
->kvm_mmu_create
->vcpu->arch.user_fpu = kmem_cache_zalloc(x86_fpu_cache, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT);
->kvm_pmu_init(vcpu);
->kvm_hv_vcpu_init(vcpu);
->kvm_x86_ops.vcpu_create(vcpu);
->kvm_vcpu_mtrr_init(vcpu);
->vcpu_load(vcpu);
->kvm_vcpu_reset(vcpu, false);
->kvm_init_mmu(vcpu, false);  //包括init_kvm_tdp_mmu和init_kvm_softmmu两种虚拟化方式

6、启动虚拟机,还是文件操作

static struct file_operations kvm_vcpu_fops = {
    .release        = kvm_vcpu_release,
    .unlocked_ioctl = kvm_vcpu_ioctl,
    .mmap           = kvm_vcpu_mmap,
    .llseek     = noop_llseek,
    KVM_COMPAT(kvm_vcpu_compat_ioctl),
};

7、在调用ioctl时KVM_RUN

SYSCALL_DEFINE3(ioctl, unsigned int, fd, unsigned int, cmd, unsigned long, arg)
->vfs_ioctl,会用到vfs_ioctl.unlocked_ioctl也就是kvm_vcpu_ioctl

kvm_vcpu_ioctl->
case KVM_RUN: 
  kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run

//其中,
kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run->vcpu_run->vcpu_enter_guest

8、IO同样有虚拟化和半虚拟化两种
一个处理函数为kvm_fast_pio,另一个为kvm_emulate_instruction

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