使用命名管道实现进程间通信(上)

1、服务端MFC

#define MY_PIPE_NAME L"\\\\.\\pipe\\__MY__PIPE__TEST__"
#define BUFSIZE 1024

HANDLE m_hPipe;
BOOL m_bConnected;
int m_bMsgNum;

//使用ConnectNamedPipe会阻塞,直到客户端进行连接
//不使用ConnectNamedPipe则不会阻塞,但一样可以做后续操作
void XXX::PipeCreate()
{
	m_hPipe = CreateNamedPipe(
		MY_PIPE_NAME,             // pipe name 
		PIPE_ACCESS_DUPLEX,       // read/write access 
		PIPE_TYPE_MESSAGE |       // message type pipe 
		PIPE_READMODE_MESSAGE |   // message-read mode 
		PIPE_WAIT,                // blocking mode 
		1,                        // max. instances  
		BUFSIZE,                  // output buffer size 
		BUFSIZE,                  // input buffer size 
		0,                        // client time-out 
		NULL);                    // default security attribute 

	if (m_hPipe == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
	{
		::MessageBox(NULL, L"CreateNamedPipe Error", L"CreateNamedPipe", MB_OK);
	}
	else
	{
		::MessageBox(NULL, L"CreateNamedPipe OK", L"CreateNamedPipe", MB_OK);
	}

	m_bConnected = ConnectNamedPipe(m_hPipe, NULL);

	if (m_bConnected)
	{
		::MessageBox(NULL, L"ConnectNamedPipe OK", L"ConnectNamedPipe", MB_OK);
	}
	else
	{
		::MessageBox(NULL, L"ConnectNamedPipe Error", L"ConnectNamedPipe", MB_OK);

	}

	m_bMsgNum = 0;
}

//WriteFile会阻塞,等待客户端读取完毕
void XXX::PipeWrite()
{
	DWORD	dwWritten;
	TCHAR	buffer[BUFSIZE];
	int n = sizeof(buffer);

	_stprintf_s(buffer, L"This the %d message", m_bMsgNum++);
	if (!WriteFile(m_hPipe, buffer, n, &dwWritten, NULL))
	{
		::MessageBox(NULL, L"WriteFile Failed", L"WriteFile", MB_OK);
	}
}

//两边都关闭,才可以重新建立管道
void XXX::PipeClose()
{
	if (m_bConnected)
	{
		DisconnectNamedPipe(m_hPipe);
		m_bConnected = FALSE;
	}
	
	if (m_hPipe!=NULL && m_hPipe != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
	{ 
		CloseHandle(m_hPipe);
		m_hPipe=NULL;
	}
}

2、客户端MFC

#define MY_PIPE_NAME L"\\\\.\\pipe\\__MY__PIPE__TEST__"
#define BUFSIZE 1024
HANDLE m_hPipe;
BOOL m_bConnected;

//WaitNamedPipe会等待ConnectNamedPipe
void XXX::PipeConnect()
{
	if (WaitNamedPipe(MY_PIPE_NAME, NMPWAIT_WAIT_FOREVER) == 0)
	{
		MessageBox(L"WaitNamedPipe failed");
		return;
	}

	m_hPipe = CreateFile(MY_PIPE_NAME,
		GENERIC_READ,
		0,
		NULL, OPEN_EXISTING,
		FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,
		NULL);

	if (m_hPipe == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
	{
		m_bConnected = FALSE;
		::MessageBox(NULL, L"CreateFile Error", L"CreateNamedPipe", MB_OK);
	}
	else
	{
		m_bConnected = TRUE;
		::MessageBox(NULL, L"CreateFile OK", L"CreateNamedPipe", MB_OK);
	}
}

//ReadFile会阻塞等待写入
void XXX::PipeRead()
{
	DWORD	dwBytesRead;
	TCHAR	buffer[BUFSIZE];
	int bufsize = sizeof(buffer);

	memset(buffer, 0x00, bufsize);
	if (m_bConnected)
	{
		//C#程序不处理的话,第一次读会读到BOM(Byte Order Mark 0xfeff)
		if (ReadFile(m_hPipe, buffer, bufsize, &dwBytesRead, NULL))
		{
			::MessageBox(NULL, buffer, L"ReadFile", MB_OK);
		}
	}
}

//两边都关闭,才可以重新建立管道
void XXX::PipeClose()
{
	if (m_hPipe!=NULL && m_hPipe != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
	{ 
		CloseHandle(m_hPipe);
		m_hPipe=NULL;
	}
}

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