C#开发COM组件(Web)

这两天由于一个很挫的需求,准备开发一个COM组件,由于所有用户的客户端都安装有.Net Framework 4.0,加上工期紧的很,就准备用C#上了。

1、首先,建立一个Windows Forms Control Library项目

2、项目属性,Build,选中,Register for COM interop

3、项目属性,Signing,选中,Sign the assembly,并生成一个签名文件

4、编辑AssemblyInfo.cs,查看是否有下面两行,没有要添加

using System.Security;

[assembly: AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers()] 
[assembly: ComVisible(true)]

5、添加接口文件IObjectSafety.cs

using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace CSControl
{
    //不要修改GUID
    [ComImport]
    [Guid("CB5BDC81-93C1-11CF-8F20-00805F2CD064")]
    [InterfaceType(ComInterfaceType.InterfaceIsIUnknown)]
    public interface IObjectSafety
    {
        [PreserveSig]
        int GetInterfaceSafetyOptions(ref Guid riid,
                      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U4)] ref int pdwSupportedOptions,
                      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U4)] ref int pdwEnabledOptions);

        [PreserveSig()]
        int SetInterfaceSafetyOptions(ref Guid riid,
                      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U4)] int dwOptionSetMask,
                      [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.U4)] int dwEnabledOptions);
    }
}

6、控件类要同时实现UserControl, IObjectSafety两个接口

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Reflection;
using System.IO;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Threading;
using System.Security;

namespace CSControl
{
    //更改为你自己的UUID
    [ComVisible(true)]
    [Guid("4B4D1D4C-16CA-48E0-87A4-AFF3C6CB6E26")]
    [ProgId("XX.CSControl.TestControl")]
    public partial class TestControl : UserControl, IObjectSafety
    {
        //===================================================
        //实现IObjectSafety接口
        //不要修改下面的GUID
        private const string _IID_IDispatch = "{00020400-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}";
        private const string _IID_IDispatchEx = "{a6ef9860-c720-11d0-9337-00a0c90dcaa9}";
        private const string _IID_IPersistStorage = "{0000010A-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}";
        private const string _IID_IPersistStream = "{00000109-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}";
        private const string _IID_IPersistPropertyBag = "{37D84F60-42CB-11CE-8135-00AA004BB851}";

        private const int INTERFACESAFE_FOR_UNTRUSTED_CALLER = 0x00000001;
        private const int INTERFACESAFE_FOR_UNTRUSTED_DATA = 0x00000002;
        private const int S_OK = 0;
        private const int E_FAIL = unchecked((int)0x80004005);
        private const int E_NOINTERFACE = unchecked((int)0x80004002);

        private bool _fSafeForScripting = true;
        private bool _fSafeForInitializing = true;

        public int GetInterfaceSafetyOptions(ref Guid riid,
                             ref int pdwSupportedOptions,
                             ref int pdwEnabledOptions)
        {
            int Rslt = E_FAIL;

            string strGUID = riid.ToString("B");
            pdwSupportedOptions = INTERFACESAFE_FOR_UNTRUSTED_CALLER | INTERFACESAFE_FOR_UNTRUSTED_DATA;
            switch (strGUID)
            {
                case _IID_IDispatch:
                case _IID_IDispatchEx:
                    Rslt = S_OK;
                    pdwEnabledOptions = 0;
                    if (_fSafeForScripting == true)
                        pdwEnabledOptions = INTERFACESAFE_FOR_UNTRUSTED_CALLER;
                    break;
                case _IID_IPersistStorage:
                case _IID_IPersistStream:
                case _IID_IPersistPropertyBag:
                    Rslt = S_OK;
                    pdwEnabledOptions = 0;
                    if (_fSafeForInitializing == true)
                        pdwEnabledOptions = INTERFACESAFE_FOR_UNTRUSTED_DATA;
                    break;
                default:
                    Rslt = E_NOINTERFACE;
                    break;
            }

            return Rslt;
        }

        public int SetInterfaceSafetyOptions(ref Guid riid,
                             int dwOptionSetMask,
                             int dwEnabledOptions)
        {
            int Rslt = E_FAIL;

            string strGUID = riid.ToString("B");
            switch (strGUID)
            {
                case _IID_IDispatch:
                case _IID_IDispatchEx:
                    if (((dwEnabledOptions & dwOptionSetMask) == INTERFACESAFE_FOR_UNTRUSTED_CALLER) &&
                         (_fSafeForScripting == true))
                        Rslt = S_OK;
                    break;
                case _IID_IPersistStorage:
                case _IID_IPersistStream:
                case _IID_IPersistPropertyBag:
                    if (((dwEnabledOptions & dwOptionSetMask) == INTERFACESAFE_FOR_UNTRUSTED_DATA) &&
                         (_fSafeForInitializing == true))
                        Rslt = S_OK;
                    break;
                default:
                    Rslt = E_NOINTERFACE;
                    break;
            }

            return Rslt;
        }

        //===================================================
        //实现UserControl接口
        ......
    }
}

7、编译,控件会自动注册

8、写个网页,测试一下

<!--CSControl-->
<object id="testControl" width="500" height="500" classid ="clsid:4B4D1D4C-16CA-48E0-87A4-AFF3C6CB6E26"&#93;</object>

9、打CAB包,发布到网站
由于是自己生产的签名文件,所以会有安全提示。最简单的方法是从靠谱的CA那里买一个证书,还有办法就是将证书导入到IE的信任列表中,再就是将IE的安全级别降为最低。

10、当然也可以通过命令行本地注册

rem 注册
regtlibv12 %PATH_TO_DLL_AND_TLB_FOLDER%\CSControl.tlb

rem 反注册
regtlibv12 -u %PATH_TO_DLL_AND_TLB_FOLDER%\CSControl.tlb

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